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Gum Grafting

Gum grafting treatment is required to treat patients with receding gum. Gum recession is the process in which the gum tissue surrounding the teeth pulls away, exposing a portion of the tooth’s root. This may cause the tooth to look ‘longer’, and become more sensitive to hot and cold. If left untreated, gum recession can lead to tooth loss.

What causes gum recession?
  • Periodontal (gum) disease
  • Inadequate oral hygiene
  • Genetic makeup
  • Hormones changes
  • Diabetes and other illnesses - increases the chance of initial infection
  • Smoking
  • Aggressive or improper brushing techniques

If the receding gum is caused by heavy tartar buildup and gum disease, scaling and root planning will be done to remove bacterial plaque and tartar buildup from the teeth and root surfaces, helping the gums heal and preventing any further recession.

For more extensive gum recession, gum grafting surgery is needed to repair the damage and prevent further infection.

Types of gum graft

There are 3 different types of gum grafting treatment typically used. The dentist will decide the type according to the patient’s needs.

  • Connective-tissue grafts are the most common grafting procedure, used to treat one or more areas of recession. The tissue is taken from a flap of tissue from the roof of your mouth and then stitched over the area of exposed root.
  • Free gingival grafts are similar to connective tissue grafts, although the tissue is taken from the palate directly.
  • Pedicle grafts use the tissue adjacent to the tooth in need of repair.